Graduate College

FM: References


Style guides and journals vary widely in the treatment of references. Your comprehensive list of references also may be called “Works Cited” or “Bibliography,” but certain requirements apply to the list regardless of its name. Your style guide determines the format for all entries and their overall organization; therefore, you must be familiar with the style of citations and references used by your journal or style guide, ensuring that it addresses all of your source types. Please be aware that some style guides provide more than one option for reference style, depending on the discipline (e.g., humanities or sciences), so you will want to choose the option that is best suited to your discipline.

  1. The reference list should be single spaced with one additional line space separating each reference from another.
  2. It is fine to have references listed after each chapter but a comprehensive references page must also be included at the end of the document (before appendices).


Nation, K., & Snowling, M. (2004). Beyond phonological skills: Broader language skills
contribute to the development of reading. Journal of Research in Reading, 27, 342–356.

Riedel, B. (2007). The relation between DIBELS, reading comprehension, and
vocabulary in urban first-grade students. Reading Research Quarterly, 42(4), 556-567.

Swanson, H., Rosston, K., Gerber, M. & Solari, E. (2008). Influence of oral language and
phonological processing on children’s bilingual reading. Journal of School Psychology,
46, 413–429. doi:10.1016/ j.jsp.2007.07.002.

Wiley, T., & Wright, W. (2004). Against the undertow: The politics of language
instruction in the United States. Educational Policy, 18(1), 142–168.

When you submit your document for format review, the advisor will check your citations for consistency, but you must complete a more thorough check to guarantee the order of references and the completeness of entries in relation to your style guide, and to ensure that the information you provide to your readers is accurate and that you are not plagiarizing per You will also want to verify that your reference list entries match any coinciding in-text citations. You are ultimately responsible for the completeness and accuracy of your references.